Different Types of Orthotics and Prosthetics

Orthotics and Prosthetics professionals combine technical skills coming from science, art and philosophy to properly fit, manufacture and design orthopedic braces (or prosthetic limbs) and other artificial legs (osteoporosis prostates). They are also responsible for designing and approving therapeutic footwear. They work closely with the patient on the best orthotic to meet their unique needs. Often they are the only doctor on staff who has an understanding of the needs of the person. Orthotic and prosthetic fitting is a complex profession requiring years of training, education and practice.

The prosthetic leg are modern devices that can change the function and appearance of a leg, foot or ankle. They can be used to replace one or more of the natural elements of the body. There are four types of orthotics and prosthetic devices: cushioned devices, retainers, plates and hinges. These devices provide varying degrees of support for the human body. Orthotics can be customized to meet the specific needs of a person's particular problem.

Cushioned are soft, flexible neoprene devices that are designed to provide stability to the joint and surrounding tissues. They are usually prescribed for people with arthritis. Restrainable prosthetic limbs allow individuals with permanent limb deficiencies to achieve independent movement. Restrainable prosthetic legs can be used to compensate for weak hip muscles or weak lower leg muscles.

Ligual prostheses, also referred to as craniomaxillofacial implants, are devices that are placed into the cranial cavity and surrounding tissues to provide motion.

These devices are similar to those used in craniomaxillofacial surgery to correct jaw abnormalities. Patients who have undergone cranial remolding undergo orthotics and prostheses with the assistance of an endoscopic exploration device.

Patients who require additional support but do not require complete immobilization can benefit from additional types of orthoses. Soft polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) crutches are custom-made prostheses that are used to provide extra stability to the foot.

Soft polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) orthoses are frequently used for children who suffer from partial knee dislocation. Other types of orthotics and prostheses include: arthralgia, which is a treatment for pain and stiffness in the wrist and hand; brachiocarpal, which help reduce the effects of arthritis on the hands, arms and legs; carpal tunnel syndrome, which causes the swelling of the hands and fingers; diabetic neuropathy, which causes numbness, tingling and other problems; and spinal stenosis, which affect the spinal canal.

In order to become an orthodontist, one must obtain both a bachelor's degree in orthopedics and an experience in orthotics and prosthodontics. The highest level of education is a PhD, which requires three years of study. Most orthodontists start out as dentists. The majority of orthotics and prosthodontists begin their careers as surgical orthopedic specialists. There are several facilities of medicine that offer orthodontic programs, including the Advanced Kinematics orthotics and Prosthetics company, which has a division dedicated to orthodontics. An alternative post for more info on the topic here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prosthetist.

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